Ladislao José Biro, the inventor of the ball-point pen, is today a Google Doodle honored. The inventor, who was born in Hungary today would be 117 years old. He died on 24. October 1985 in Argentina.
According to the plans of his father, should Ladislao José Biro actually follow in his footsteps and dentist. But Biro broke the medical studies and worked among other things as insurance brokers and racing driver. In 1932 he developed, together with a friend who by the way the automatic transmission for cars.
Become familiar with the task, the art of Hungary to make popular abroad, he was chief editor of a magazine. He then worked for a weekly newspaper. At the sight of the rotation of rollers came to him in the print shop, the idea to develop a pen, although with ink writes, but there is no smearing. This was in the year 1938.
Ladislao José Biro noticed that in the printing ink quickly dried and the paper therefore clean and grease was free. But he was standing in front of a problem: The ink was more viscous and did not run by the then standard springs. Shorthand replaced Ladislao Jose Biro the spring of the filler therefore through a metal ball in a version is free to rotate. If you move the pin on the paper, so rotates the ball. This takes you to the ink from the cartridge and transfers it to the paper.
Ladislao José Biro fleeing from the Nazis
in 2. World War had Ladislao José Biro before the national socialists are aligned. About France, he arrived in Argentina. There he continued the development of the ball-point pen. Only in 1943 could Ladislao José Biro pen for a patent. Shortly after receiving the patent produced Ladislao Jose Biro in Argentina the first coolies in smaller numbers.
Of which he was certainly not even dared dream: Almost everyone today has a pen. By the way, you named the ballpoint pen in some countries even after its inventor. “Kuli’ means in English “biro”.
In 1945 came the pens in the USA on the market and has become the sales hit. Ladislao Jose Biro had his patent however previously for a million dollars to the French Baro Marcel Bich sold to the mill Adar.
Ladislao José Biro died on 24. October 1985 in Buenos Aires at the age of 86 years. His birthday, 29. September is in his home in Argentina since then celebrated as the day of the inventor.