Children’s Day is recognized on various days in many places around the world, to honor children globally. It was first proclaimed by the World Conference for the Well-being of Children in 1925 and then established universally in 1954 to protect an “appropriate” day.
International Day for Protection of Children, observed in many countries as Children’s Day on June 1 since 1950, was established by theWomen’s International Democratic Federation on its congress in Moscow (22 November 1949). Major global variants include a Universal Children’s Day on November 20, by United Nations recommendation.
Children’s Day in Indonesia
In Indonesia, Children’s Day (Hari Anak Nasional) is celebrated on July 23. Today, around three hundred and fifty thousand children will open their eyes for the very first time. They’ll arrive from all over, but will eventually learn a universal language: one of surprise, fascination, fear, joy and hope. And as they grow, they’ll use these emotions to teach us how to live, and to see our lives through newer, fresher eyes. This is why we honor Children’s Day – to raise awareness about the possibilities within each and every young person, and how they can improve our world, and ourselves. The potential of children is limitless. Let’s help them achieve their best, so that we, as a society, can achieve ours.
Children’s Day in Japan
Japan’s Children’s Day is celebrated on May 5, a National Holiday since 1948, to celebrate the happiness of all children and to express gratitude toward mothers. There is a long tradition, from the 8th century, to celebrate Children’s Day twice a year; March 3 for girls and on May 5 for boys. On March 3, also known as the Doll Festival, Japanese people decorate their households with traditional Heian Period doll sets and plum blossom, and drink Amazake. On May 5, also known as 端午の節句, they fly carp streamers outside, display Samuraidolls, and eat chimaki.
Children’s Day in South Korea
In South Korea, May 5 is officially recognized as Children’s Day (어린이날). Parents often give presents to their children, as well as spend time with them. The children are taken on excursions to zoos, museums, and various venues of children-oriented entertainment.
Children’s Day was first conceived by innovative Korean students and social leaders on the basis of the March 1st Movement to achieve Korean independence from Japanese colonialism. From Jinju, many people gathered to promote and improve the social status of children and encourage adults to teach awareness of their deprived sovereignty. In 1923, several groups of students studying in Tokyo agreed to designate May 1 as Children’s Day. A predominant intellectual figure, Bang jeong hwan (방정환,方定煥), greatly contributed to the popularization of the holiday. Because it overlapped with Laborer’s Day, Children’s Day was moved to May 5. Bang Jeon Hwan first coined the modern Korean word for children, eorini (어린이), replacing the previous words aenom (애놈) and aesaekki (애새끼). Until 1939, Japanese authorities based in Seoul oppressed the movement to stop Korean social activists congregating for the festival. After independence in 1945, the movement to respect children was revived. The children’s welfare law written in the constitution officially designated May 5 as Children’s Day in 1961. And by ‘the law of holiday of government office’, Children’s day became a holiday in Korea in 1970.
Children’s Day in Mexico
In Mexico, Children’s Day is celebrated on April 30. It is also known as “El Día Del Niño”. On this day teachers in schools organize the day for their children. In some schools, lessons are suspended for the day. They organize games, music, and the children bring in their favorite foods to share with others. Some families also have a day out with their children. There are special activities for the children in parks and sports centers. Sometimes, also, the children will be given presents by their families. This is the day when children are honored in Mexico. Children’s Day in Mexico started in 1925.
Universal Children’s Day
This day is observed to promote the objectives outlined in the Charter and for the welfare of children. On November 20, 1958 the United Nations adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child. The United Nations adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child on November 20, 1989 and can be found on the Council of Europe website.
In 2000, the Millennium Development Goals outlined by world leaders in order to stop the spread of HIV/AIDS by 2015. Albeit this applies to all people, the main objective is with regard to children. UNICEF is dedicated to meeting the six of eight goals that apply to the needs of children so that they are all entitled to basic rights written in the 1989 international human rights treaty. UNICEF delivers vaccines, works with policymakers for good health care and education and works exclusively to help children and protect their rights.