Category Archives: Birthday

Sally Ride Google Doodle

Sally Ride

Sally Ride (May 26, 1951 – July 23, 2012) was an American physicist and astronaut. Born in Los Angeles, Ride joined NASA in 1978 and, at the age of 32, became the first American woman in space and still remains the youngest American astronaut to travel to space. After flying twice on the space shuttle Challenger, she left NASA in 1987. She worked for two years at Stanford University’s Center for International Security and Arms Control, then the University of California, San Diego as a professor of physics, primarily researching non-linear optics and Thomson scattering. She served on the committees that investigated the Challenger and Columbia space shuttle disasters, the only person to participate on both.

Nellie Bly: Google Doodle

Nellie Bly: The Pioneer Woman Journalist

Today, Google honors Nellie Bly. Nellie Bly was the pen name of American journalist Elizabeth Jane Cochrane, a world-famous journalist who made a trip around the world in 72 days in 1889. Nellie Bly was born on May 5, 1864 in a suburb of Pittsburgh. Throughout her life, Nellie defied society’s expectations for women; she questioned everything, and spoke up for the underprivileged, the helpless, and minorities.

Bartolomeo Cristofori: Google Doodle

Bartolomeo Cristofori: Inventor of the piano

You may have never heard of Bartolomeo Cristofori (born May 4, 1655), but you definitely know his invention. Bartolomeo Cristofori was an Italian musical instrument maker credited with inventing the pianoforte, or the piano. One of his biggest innovations was creating a hammer mechanism that struck the strings on a keyboard to create sound. The use of a hammer made it possible to produce softer or louder sounds depending upon how light or hard a player pressed on the keys. In fact, that’s how Cristofori’s new instrument got its name – in Italian, piano means soft, while forte means loud. Being able to change the volume was a major breakthrough.